Single article

DOI: 10.47026/2413-4864-2022-2-23-30

Kupriyanov S.V., Parfenova Yu.V., Semenova L.M.

The Effect of Obesity on the Functional State of the Cardiorespiratory System

Keywords: body mass index, overweight, obesity, cardiorespiratory system, students

At the present stage, an ever-greater number of people with increased body weight up to obesity are registered annually in the world. The main reasons for such changes include irrational nutrition and decreased physical activity. Obesity is proved to be currently an undoubted factor for the development of various chronic diseases that are not associated with infections. The most common of them are diseases of the cardiovascular system, which are the cause of most deaths worldwide. In the student environment among junior students of the Medical Faculty in the course of educational activities, the authors carried out a study which focused on the state of the students' cardiovascular and respiratory systems along with determining height-weight ratios. Physicians widely use the Quetelet index to calculate body weight, it was as well used to assess the degree of obesity and its effect on the functional state of the cardiorespiratory system. The aim of the study was to study the effect of overweight and obesity on the state of the cardiorespiratory system. The study revealed a change in the cardiorespiratory interaction in medical students with a more impaired upward body mass index. Low reserve capabilities of the cardiorespiratory system have been established, which can be effectively adjusted by appropriate physical education and creation of a dominant motivation to observe a rational diet.

References

  1. Ametov A.S. Ozhirenie – epidemiya XXI veka [Obesity – epidemic of the XXI century]. Terapevticheskii arkhiv, 2002, no. 10, pp. 5–7.
  2. Baranovskii A.Yu. Rukovodstvo po dietologii [Guide to dietetics]. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2001, 544 p.
  3. Bashkova I.B., Kichigin V.A., Madyanov I.V., Mis’ko K.V., Semakina S.M. Svyaz’ izbytochnoi massy tela i soputstvuyushchikh metabolicheskikh narushenii s osobennostyami techeniya pervichnogo osteoartroza [The relationship of overweight and related metabolic disorders with features of primary osteoarthritis]. Vestnik Chuvashskogo universiteta, 2011, no. 3, pp. 269–276.
  4. Dergunova G.E. Vliyanie indeksa massy tela na kardiorespiratornuyu sistemu detei [The Effect of body mass index on the cardiorespiratory system of children]. Molodoi uchenyi, 2017, no. 21, pp. 168–170.
  5. Lechebnoe pitanie [Therapeutic nutrition] pod obshch. red. I.K. Latoguza. Khar’kov, Torsing, Rostov na Donu, Feniks Publ., 2002, 544 p.
  6. Ozhirenie i izbytochnyi ves [Obesity and overweight]. Informatsionnyi byulleten’ № 311 Vsemirnoi organizatsii zdravookhraneniya [Newsletter No. 311 of the World Health Organization], 2014. Available at: https://www.who.int/ru/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight.
  7. Praktikum po psikhofiziologicheskoi diagnostike [Workshop on psychophysiological diagnostics]. Moscow, Vlados Publ., 2000, 128 p.
  8. Budylina M., Smirnova V.M., eds., Alipov N.N., Akhtyamova D.A., Afanas’ev V.G. et al. Rukovodstvo k prakticheskim zanyatiyam po normal’noi fiziologii. 3-e izd., ster. [Guide to practical classes in normal physiology. 3rd ed.]. Moscow, Akademiya Publ., 2010, 336 p.
  9. Kozlov V.A., Stroganova N.N., Pavlov A.A., Smelova T.P. Sostoyanie fizicheskogo razvitiya detei g. Cheboksary po dannym bioimpedansmetrii [The state of physical development of Cheboksary children according to bioimpedance data]. Vestnik Chuvashskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. I.Ya. Yakovleva. 2012, no. 2-1 (74), pp. 78–84.
  10. Semenova L.M., Semenova T.O., Yakovleva L.M. Psikhofiziologicheskoe sostoyanie uchenikov mladshikh klassov [Psychophysiological state of primary school students]. Vestnik Chuvashskogo universiteta, 2014, no. 2, pp. 356–360.
  11. Stroganova N.N., Kozlov V.A., Smelova T.P., Pavlov A.A. Rasprostranennost’ narusheniya sostava tela detei g. Cheboksary [Prevalence of violation of the body composition of children Cheboksary]. Uspekhi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya. 2012, no. 11-2, pp. 17–
  12. Stroganova N.N., Kozlov V.A., Pavlov A.A., Smelova T.P. Sostoyanie fizicheskogo razvitiya detei nekotorykh raionov Chuvashskoi Respubliki po dannym bioimpedansmetrii [The state of physical development of children in some districts of the Chuvash Republic according to bioimpedance data]. Vestnik Chuvashskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta im. I.Ya. Yakovleva. 2012, no. 2-1 (74), pp. 158–163.
  13. Shakirova O.V., Slesarenko N.A. Ozhirenie kak faktor riska razvitiya zabolevanii kardiorespiratornoi sistemy [Obesity as a risk factor for the development of diseases of the cardiorespiratory system]. Zdorov’e. Meditsinskaya ekologiya. Nauka [Health. Medical ecology. The science], 2018, vol. 2(74), pp. 27–31.
  14. World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. 1997, Geneva, WHO.
  15. Woolcott O.O., Bergman R.N. Relative fat mass (RFM) as a new estimator of whole-body fat percentage – A cross-sectional study in American adult individuals. Sci Rep., 2018, vol. 8, no 1. 10980. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-29362-1.

About authors

Kupriyanov Sergey V.
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Normal and Pathological Physiology, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (Kuper-SV@yandex.ru; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5272-7397)
Parfenova Yuliya V.
6th year Student of the Medical Faculty, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (mart9884@gmail.com; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6794-5645)
Semenova Liudmila M.
Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor Of Normal and Pathologic Physiology Department, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (Semenova-LM@ya.ru; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5029-7023)

Article link

Kupriyanov S.V., Parfenova Yu.V., Semenova L.M. The Effect of Obesity on the Functional State of the Cardiorespiratory System [Electronic resource] // Acta medica Eurasica. – 2022. – №2. P. 23-30. – URL: https://acta-medica-eurasica.ru/en/single/2022/2/4/. DOI: 10.47026/2413-4864-2022-2-23-30.