Статья журнала

Голенков А.В., Долгова Е.Г., Михайлова В.В.

Отношение к врачу с видимыми атрибутами боди-арта со стороны пациентов и коллег

Ключевые слова: татуировки, пирсинг, распространенность, отношение к врачу с боди-артом, население, студенты-медики

В настоящее время наблюдается рост популярности атрибутов боди-арта среди молодежи, включая будущих врачей. Цель работы – изучить мнение населения и студентов-медиков о влиянии видимых татуировок и пирсинга на профессиональный образ врача. Опрошено 400 жителей (133 мужчины и 267 женщин) г. Чебоксары в возрасте от 16 до 70 лет (средний возраст – 38,1±15,7 года), а также 600 студентов I-VI курсов (107 юношей и 493 девушки) медицинского факультета Чувашского госуниверситета (по 100 человек с каждого курса). Использовалась анкета с 10 вопросами. Математико-статистическая обработка осуществлялась с помощью описательной статистики и 2-распределения. Наличие татуировок и пирсинга отрицательно отражается на имидже врача. Снижается доверие к такому специалисту, нет желания обращаться к нему за помощью, так как атрибуты боди-арта ассоциируются с проявлениями чудаковатости и агрессивности. Мужчины в возрасте до 40 лет, студенты-медики старших курсов, респонденты с татуировками и пирсингом оказались более терпимыми к врачу с видимыми атрибутами боди-арта. Имели татуировки от 3,4 до 9,8% респондентов (чаще мужчины) и пирсинг – от 0,6 до 4,9% (преимущественно лица в возрасте до 40 лет), татуировки и пирсинг одновременно – до 2% (чаще среди населения). Старшекурсники по сравнению со студентами младших курсов суммарно имели больше элементов боди-арта. Татуировки и пирсинг ухудшают имидж врача и его восприятие населением, поэтому они должны быть скрыты от пациентов, чтобы не нарушать профессиональный дресс-код и лечебный процесс.

Golenkov A., Dolgova E., Mikhaylova V.

Attitude of patients and colleagues to a physician with visible body art attributes

Keywords: tattoos, piercing, prevalence, attitude towards the doctor with body art, population, medical students

Currently there is an increase in popularity of body art varieties among young people, including future doctors. The purpose of the work was to study the opinion of population in general and that of medical students about the effect of visible tattoos and piercing on a doctor’s professional image. A total of 400 residents of the town of Cheboksary (133 men and 267 women), aged 16 to 70 (mean age – 38,1±15,7 years old), and 600 students of the Chuvash State University medical faculty (107 young men and 493 girls) (100 people per course) were surveyed. A questionnaire consisting of 10 questions was used. Mathematical-statistical processing was carried out using descriptive statistics and the 2 test. Tattoos and piercings adversely affect the doctor’s image. Trust to such specialists decreases; there appears reluctance to seek assistance with them, since these attributes of body art are associated with manifestations of eccentricity and aggression. Men under 40, senior medical students, respondents with tattoos and piercings were more tolerant to a doctor with visible manifestations of body art. From 3,4 to 9,8% of respondents (men more often than women) had tattoos, from 0,6 to 4,9% (mostly people under 40) had piercings, up to 2% (more often than in population in general) had tattoos and piercings simultaneously. Senior students generally had more body art elements compared to junior students. Tattoos and piercing worsen a doctor’s image and his perception by the population, that is why they should be hidden from the view of patients, so as not to violate the professional dress code and the treatment process.

Литература

  1. Balci S., Sari E., Mutlu B. Comparison of risk-taking behaviour and frequency of piercing and tattooing among university students. Pak. Med. Assoc., 2015, Jun., vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 587–592.
  2. Borokhov A., Bastiaans R., Lerner V. Tattoo designs among drug abusers. J. Psychiatry Relat. Sci., 2006, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 28–33.
  3. Brabant W., Mizer A. Visible body modifications and future employment. Student Research., 2010, vol. IX, pp. 43–58.
  4. Chacha C.E., Kazaura M.R. Body-art practices among undergraduate medical university students in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, 2014. Indian J. Dermatol., 2015, vol. 60, p. 212.
  5. D’Ambrosio A., Casillo N., Martini V. Piercings and tattoos: psychopathological aspects. Activitas Nervosa Superior Rediviva, 2013, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 143–148.
  6. Deschesnes M., Finès P., Demers S. Are tattooing and body piercing indicators of risk-taking behaviours among high school students? Adolesc., 2006, Jun., vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 379–393.
  7. Friis R., Tilles J. Patient’s preferences for resident physician dress style. Pract. Res. J., 1988, no. 8, pp. 24–31.
  8. Heywood W., Patrick K., Smith A.M., Simpson J.M., Pitts M.K., Richters J., Shelley J.M. Who gets tattoos? Demographic and behavioral correlates of ever being tattooed in a representative sample of men and women. Epidemiol., 2012, Jan., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 51–56. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2011.10.005.
  9. Gherardi G., Cameron J., West A., Crossley M. Are we dressed to impress? A descriptive survey assessing patients’ preference of doctors’ attire in the hospital setting. Med., 2009, no. 9, pp. 519–524.
  10. Gjerdingen D.K., Simpson D.E., Titus S.L. Patients’ and physicians’ attitudes regarding the physician’s professional appearance. Intern. Med., 1987, vol. 147, pp. 1209–1212.
  11. Johnson S.C., Doi M.L., Yamamoto L.G. Adverse Effects of Tattoos and Piercing on Parent/Patient Confidence in Health Care Providers. Pediatr. (Phila), 2016, Sept., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 915–920. doi: 10.1177/0009922815616889.
  12. Kluger N. Tattooed people, who are you? Demographic and behavioral characteristics of tattooed individuals. Dermatol. Venereol., 2015, Juny-July, vol. 142, no. 6–7, pp. 410–420. doi: 10.1016/j.annder.2015.03.014.
  13. Kluger N. Epidemiology of tattoos in industrialized countries. Probl. Dermatol., 2015, vol. 48, pp. 6–20. doi: 10.1159/000369175.
  14. Laumann A.E., Derick A.J. Tattoos and body piercings in the United States: a national data set. Am. Acad. Dermatol., 2006, Sept., vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 413–421.
  15. Majori S., Capretta F., Baldovin T., Busana M., Baldo V. Piercing and tatooing in high school students of Veneto region: prevalence and perception of infectious related risk. Prev. Med. Hyg., 2013, Mar., vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 17–23.
  16. Makkai T., McAllister I. Prevalence of tattooing and body piercing in the Australian community. Dis. Intell. Q Rep.,2001, Apr., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 67–72.
  17. Mason L., Mason J. Patients’ attitudes regarding characteristics of physicians in ophthalmology. BMC Res. Notes., 2017, Dec. 11, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 733. doi: 10.1186/s13104-017-3056-0.
  18. Mayers L.B., Chiffriller S.H. Body art (body piercing and tattooing) among undergraduate university students: «then and now». J. Adolesc. Health., 2008, Feb., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 201–203. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.09.014.
  19. Mayers L.B., Judelson D.A., Moriarty B.W., Rundell K.W. Prevalence of body art (body piercing and tattooing) in university undergraduates and incidence of medical Mayo Clin. Proc., 2002, Jan., vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 29–34.
  20. Mitchell M.S., Koen C.M. Jr., Darden S.M. Dress codes and appearance policies: challenges under federal legislation, part 3: Title VII, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the National Labor Relations Act. Health Care Manag. (Frederick), 2014, Apr.-Juny, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 136–148. doi: 10.1097/HCM.0000000000 000007.
  21. Newman A.W., Wright S.W., Wrenn K.D., Bernard A. Should physicians have facial piercings? Gen. Intern. Med., 2005, Mar., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 213–218.
  22. Palazzo S., Hocken D.B. Patients’ perspectives on how doctors dress. Hosp. Infect., 2010, Jan., vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 30–34. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2009.08.021.
  23. Sagoe D., Pallesen S., Andreassen C.S. Prevalence and correlates of tattooing in Norway: A large-scale cross-sectional study. J. Psychol., 2017, Dec., vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 562–570. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12399.
  24. Stirn A., Brähler E., Hinz A. Prevalence, sociodemography, mental health and gender differences of tattooing and body piercing. Psychosom. Med. Psychol., 2006, Nov., vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 445–449.
  25. Westerfield H.V., Stafford A.B., Speroni K.G., Daniel M.G. Patients’ perceptions of patient care providers with tattoos and/or body piercings. Nurs. Adm., 2012, Mar., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 160–164. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e31824809d6.

References

  1. Balci S., Sari E., Mutlu B. Comparison of risk-taking behaviour and frequency of piercing and tattooing among university students. Pak. Med. Assoc., 2015, Jun., vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 587–592.
  2. Borokhov A., Bastiaans R., Lerner V. Tattoo designs among drug abusers. J. Psychiatry Relat. Sci., 2006, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 28–33.
  3. Brabant W., Mizer A. Visible body modifications and future employment. Student Research., 2010, vol. IX, pp. 43–58.
  4. Chacha C.E., Kazaura M.R. Body-art practices among undergraduate medical university students in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, 2014. Indian J. Dermatol., 2015, vol. 60, p. 212.
  5. D’Ambrosio A., Casillo N., Martini V. Piercings and tattoos: psychopathological aspects. Activitas Nervosa Superior Rediviva, 2013, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 143–148.
  6. Deschesnes M., Finès P., Demers S. Are tattooing and body piercing indicators of risk-taking behaviours among high school students? Adolesc., 2006, Jun., vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 379–393.
  7. Friis R., Tilles J. Patient’s preferences for resident physician dress style. Pract. Res. J., 1988, no. 8, pp. 24–31.
  8. Heywood W., Patrick K., Smith A.M., Simpson J.M., Pitts M.K., Richters J., Shelley J.M. Who gets tattoos? Demographic and behavioral correlates of ever being tattooed in a representative sample of men and women. Epidemiol., 2012, Jan., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 51–56. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2011.10.005.
  9. Gherardi G., Cameron J., West A., Crossley M. Are we dressed to impress? A descriptive survey assessing patients’ preference of doctors’ attire in the hospital setting. Med., 2009, no. 9, pp. 519–524.
  10. Gjerdingen D.K., Simpson D.E., Titus S.L. Patients’ and physicians’ attitudes regarding the physician’s professional appearance. Intern. Med., 1987, vol. 147, pp. 1209–1212.
  11. Johnson S.C., Doi M.L., Yamamoto L.G. Adverse Effects of Tattoos and Piercing on Parent/Patient Confidence in Health Care Providers. Pediatr. (Phila), 2016, Sept., vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 915–920. doi: 10.1177/0009922815616889.
  12. Kluger N. Tattooed people, who are you? Demographic and behavioral characteristics of tattooed individuals. Dermatol. Venereol., 2015, Juny-July, vol. 142, no. 6–7, pp. 410–420. doi: 10.1016/j.annder.2015.03.014.
  13. Kluger N. Epidemiology of tattoos in industrialized countries. Probl. Dermatol., 2015, vol. 48, pp. 6–20. doi: 10.1159/000369175.
  14. Laumann A.E., Derick A.J. Tattoos and body piercings in the United States: a national data set. Am. Acad. Dermatol., 2006, Sept., vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 413–421.
  15. Majori S., Capretta F., Baldovin T., Busana M., Baldo V. Piercing and tatooing in high school students of Veneto region: prevalence and perception of infectious related risk. Prev. Med. Hyg., 2013, Mar., vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 17–23.
  16. Makkai T., McAllister I. Prevalence of tattooing and body piercing in the Australian community. Dis. Intell. Q Rep.,2001, Apr., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 67–72.
  17. Mason L., Mason J. Patients’ attitudes regarding characteristics of physicians in ophthalmology. BMC Res. Notes., 2017, Dec. 11, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 733. doi: 10.1186/s13104-017-3056-0.
  18. Mayers L.B., Chiffriller S.H. Body art (body piercing and tattooing) among undergraduate university students: «then and now». J. Adolesc. Health., 2008, Feb., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 201–203. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.09.014.
  19. Mayers L.B., Judelson D.A., Moriarty B.W., Rundell K.W. Prevalence of body art (body piercing and tattooing) in university undergraduates and incidence of medical Mayo Clin. Proc., 2002, Jan., vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 29–34.
  20. Mitchell M.S., Koen C.M. Jr., Darden S.M. Dress codes and appearance policies: challenges under federal legislation, part 3: Title VII, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the National Labor Relations Act. Health Care Manag. (Frederick), 2014, Apr.-Juny, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 136–148. doi: 10.1097/HCM.0000000000 000007.
  21. Newman A.W., Wright S.W., Wrenn K.D., Bernard A. Should physicians have facial piercings? Gen. Intern. Med., 2005, Mar., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 213–218.
  22. Palazzo S., Hocken D.B. Patients’ perspectives on how doctors dress. Hosp. Infect., 2010, Jan., vol. 74, no. 1, pp. 30–34. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2009.08.021.
  23. Sagoe D., Pallesen S., Andreassen C.S. Prevalence and correlates of tattooing in Norway: A large-scale cross-sectional study. J. Psychol., 2017, Dec., vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 562–570. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12399.
  24. Stirn A., Brähler E., Hinz A. Prevalence, sociodemography, mental health and gender differences of tattooing and body piercing. Psychosom. Med. Psychol., 2006, Nov., vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 445–449.
  25. Westerfield H.V., Stafford A.B., Speroni K.G., Daniel M.G. Patients’ perceptions of patient care providers with tattoos and/or body piercings. Nurs. Adm., 2012, Mar., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 160–164. doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e31824809d6.

Сведения об авторах

Голенков Андрей Васильевич
доктор медицинских наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой психиатрии, медицинской психологии и неврологии, Чувашский государственный университет, Россия, Чебоксары (golenkovav@inbox.ru)
Долгова Екатерина Геннадьевна
студентка VI курса медицинского факультета, Чувашский государственный университет, Россия, Чебоксары (docatherine@yandex.ru)
Михайлова Валентина Викторовна
студентка V курса медицинского факультета, Чувашский государственный университет, Россия, Чебоксары (valentina9583@gmail.com)

Ссылка на статью

Голенков А.В., Долгова Е.Г., Михайлова В.В. Отношение к врачу с видимыми атрибутами боди-арта со стороны пациентов и коллег [Электронный ресурс] // Acta medica Eurasica. – 2018. – №1. – С. 9-14. – URL: http://acta-medica-eurasica.ru/single/2018/1/2/.