Single article

DOI: 10.47026/2413-4864-2021-3-10-17

Lebedeva O.D., Achilov A.A.

Use of Non-Drug Methods in the Treatment of Patients with Arterial Hypertension

Keywords: severe arterial hypertension, multicomponent rational antihypertensive therapy, unloading therapeutic gymnastics

The aim of the study is to optimize the comprehensive treatment of patients with severe arterial hypertension, through the use of multicomponent rational antihypertensive pharmacotherapy, followed by the use of unloading therapeutic exercises. 32 men with severe arterial hypertension were examined. Initially, a clinical, instrumental and laboratory examination, registration of blood pressure and its 24-hour monitoring were carried out. The average daily systolic (ADBPsyst.) and average daily diastolic (ADBPdiast.) blood pressure were determined. A multicomponent rational antihypertensive pharmacotherapy, according to the clinical recommendations for the treatment of arterial hypertension was selected for all the patients. In at least 3 months after the selection of pharmacotherapy, the patients were divided into two groups, comparable in gender, age, severity of the condition, features of the disease course and medicamentous therapy. Patients of the 1st group (active treatment group) against the background of pharmacotherapy were prescribed unloading therapeutic exercises according to a patented technique. The 2nd group of patients continued to take pharmacotherapy and it was used as a baseline group. The average age in the 1st and 2nd groups was 46,3±6,8 and 43,6±7,2 years, respectively. Patients of the 1st group were prescribed unloading therapeutic exercises and in 3 months in both groups the ADBPsyst. and ADBPdiast. were compared. Initially, there was a significant increase in ADBPsyst. and ADBPdiast. compared to the normal range in both groups. These indicators in both groups differed insignificantly. In 3 months after pharmacotherapy, there was a significant decrease in ADsyst. and ADdiast. in both groups, but these indicators remained elevated and did not reach the target level. Then, in the 1st group, unloading therapeutic exercises were included in the comprehensive treatment. Patients of the 2nd group continued to receive pharmacotherapy. In 3 months after including unloading therapeutic exercises in the 1st group, there was a significant decrease in ADBP (syst. and diast.) not only in comparison with the initial data, but also with the data in 3 months after pharmacotherapy. In the 2nd group, these indicators did not change significantly compared to the three-month data. In 6 months, ADBPsyst. and ADBPdiast. in the 1st group were significantly lower compared to similar indicators in the 2nd group, which proves significant clinical effectiveness of unloading therapeutic exercises in patients of the 1st group. The results obtained confirm that patients with severe arterial hypertension have such types of disorders at the cellular-tissue and microcirculatory level that are not eliminated only by drug therapy. For their high-grade correction, along with multicomponent pharmacotherapy, it is necessary to include unloading therapeutic exercises. To optimize the treatment of severe arterial hypertension against the background of receiving multicomponent antihypertensive pharmacotherapy, it is recommended to include unloading therapeutic exercises in the therapeutic complex.

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About authors

Lebedeva Olga D.
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Chief Researcher of the Department of Physiotherapy and Reflexotherapy, National Medical Research Center for Rehabilitation and Balneology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Russia, Moscow (lebedeva-od@yandex.ru; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4435-2273)
Achilov Abduahat A.
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Head of the Department of Outpatient Laser Medicine, O.K. Skobelkin State Medical Center of the FMBA of Russia, Russia, Moscow (achilovaa@mail.ru; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7220-246X)

Article link

Lebedeva O.D., Achilov A.A. Use of Non-Drug Methods in the Treatment of Patients with Arterial Hypertension [Electronic resource] // Acta medica Eurasica. – 2021. – №3. P. 10-17. – URL: http://acta-medica-eurasica.ru/en/single/2021/3/2/. DOI: 10.47026/2413-4864-2021-3-10-17.