Single article

Sapozhnikov S., Kozlov V., Galeeva A., Rafikova D., Ivanov S.

The role of dietary factors in flatfoot development

Keywords: foot, flatfoot longitudinal, flat-footed transverse, factor analysis, magnesium, zinc, calcium, ascorbic acid

The aim of the study was to study the prevalence of flatfoot among students, to compare the findings with known literature data on flatfoot prevalence in the population and the role of deficit in some essential nutritional factors in development of this pathology. In a random sample of 129 students of both sexes residing permanently in the territory of the Chuvash Republic, every fourth was found to have a longitudinal or transverse flatfoot, and a lowered arch of foot was found in 3,9%. The data obtained by us coincide with the known data on prevalence of this pathology in the population. According to the literature data in the organized samples of schoolchildren, athletes, tennis players, the incidence frequency of flatfoot can reach 80%. The role of alimentary deficiency in magnesium, zinc, calcium and ascorbic acid in pathogenesis of connective tissue dysplasia of various geneses is known. Earlier, the collaborative writing team of the medical faculty at the Chuvash State University obtained data on chronic deficiency in essential substances in daily food rations, generally coinciding with the results of studying this problem in the Russian Federation. Nevertheless, preventive work for correcting formation of this pathology by means of correcting eating behaviour of the population is not performed. It is concluded that: 1) factorial analysis of numerical data concerning dimensional parameters of the feet revealed that the distance between impressions left by the heads of metatarsals and the impressions left by the phalanx bones is an additional criterion of longitudinal and transverse flatfoot; 2) when revealing flatfoot and other dysplastic changes in connective tissue, it is necessary to assess the body's provision with chemical elements (magnesium, zinc, calcium, ascorbic acid) and, if necessary, to correct their imbalance.

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About authors

Galeeva Alina Rashidovna
medical faculty 4th year student, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (alinochka_galeeva@inbox.ru)
Ivanov Sergey Valerievich
medical faculty 4th year student, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (rekatut@yandex.ru)
Kozlov Vadim A.
Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor of Department Medical Biology with a Course in Microbiology and Virology, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (pooh12@yandex.ru)
Rafikova Diana Ilmirovna
medical faculty 4th year student, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (diana_rafikova@list.ru)
Sapozhnikov Sergey P.
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department Medical Biology with a Course in Microbiology and Virology, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (adaptogon@mail.ru)

Article link

Sapozhnikov S., Kozlov V., Galeeva A., Rafikova D., Ivanov S. The role of dietary factors in flatfoot development [Electronic resource] // Acta medica Eurasica. – 2018. – №4. P. 53-60. – URL: http://acta-medica-eurasica.ru/en/single/2018/4/7/