Single article

Nalimova N.V.

Features of self-maintaining the coenopopulations of medicinal plants of the genus Hypericum l. in Chuvashia

Keywords: medicinal plants Hypericum perforatum, H. maculatum, H. hirsutum, H. elegans, self-maintenance of natural coenopopulations, life forms, ecological and phytocenotic positions, ontogenetic spectrum, distribution in Chuvashia

The purpose of this work is to study the features of self-maintening natural coenopopulations in four model species of medicinal plants of the genus Hypericum L. by establishing their biological-ecological and phytocenotic characteristics, population-ontogenetic structure in the nemoral forest and steppe landscapes of Chuvashia, which are located within the Volga upland. Standard morphological, population-ontogenetic, demographic, phytocenotic and ecological methods were used for the study. Recovery indices and quantitative indicators of potential environmental valences were calculated (according to L. A. Zhukova, 2010) using the range scales of D. N. Tsyganov. Hypericum L. plants with an established wide range of active substances and various pharmacotherapeutic activities are promising sources of raw materials for obtaining antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, astringent, antidepressant, antioxidant and anti-carcinogenic agents. The selected life forms: vegetative-mobile particulating in grassy glade-marginal H. maculatum, spiky in meadow H. perforatum, marginal-steppe H. hirsutum and meadow-steppe H. elegans recorded by us in Chuvashia for the first time, are consistent with their ecological-coenotic affinity. There is a variety of variants of rod-root biomorphs with a combination of a long-root and root-sprout structural organizations. The morphological structural polyvariance of plants extends the adaptive capabilities of coenopopulations to the living conditions and testifies to the evolutionary plasticity of the genus Hypericum L. Stenovalence of species by some climatic and ecological factors (calcephilia, salt regime and constancy of soil moisture) limits the phytocenotic positions of H. elegans, H. hirsutum, and the distribution range of their coenopopulations in the territory of Chuvashia. A group uneven distribution of individuals is characteristic mainly in mixed herbs-grass phytocenoses with a low abundance and density of coenopopulations, excluding H. maculatum. Coenopopulations of all species have a variant of the ontogenetic spectrum with an absolute maximum on the generative fraction, which characterizes the modal pathway of Hypericum L. ontogenesis, due to the main seed pathway of coenopopulations renewal in the presence of additional pathways of vegetative reproduction. Coenopopulations of species were mature and unstable in a number of years. It is necessary to observe the frequency of procuring plant raw materials for pharmacological use in order to ensure implementation of the processes of natural cenopopulations self-maintaining, a stable turnover of generations and to preserve the natural resources of plants of the genus Hypericum L. in the territory of Chuvashia.

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About authors

Nalimova Natalia V.
Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Medical Biology with course of Microbiology and Virology, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (natalya_rgsu@mail.ru)

Article link

Nalimova N.V. Features of self-maintaining the coenopopulations of medicinal plants of the genus Hypericum l. in Chuvashia [Electronic resource] // Acta medica Eurasica. – 2020. – №2. P. 54-67. – URL: http://acta-medica-eurasica.ru/en/single/2020/2/7/.