Single article

Volkov V., Volkov S.

Revisiting Indications and Choice of Palliative Surgery Technique in Patients with Gastric Cancer

Keywords: stage IV gastric cancer, palliative surgery, indications for gastrectomy, body weight, quality of patients' life

The results of palliative surgeries performed in 65 patients with stage IV gastric cancer are presented. Indications for palliative surgery were massive gastric bleeding or obturation of various gastric parts. Life expectancy in this category of patients in most cases is limited to a few months, less often to 1-2 years. Performing gastrostomy should be extremely limited and at the same time indications for total ¬gastrectomy should be extended, which allows to eliminate the cause of obturation and bleeding from the stomach tumor. When performing gastrectomy, the esophageal-intestinal anastomosis can be formed using a suturing device (STVS, EEA). Patients who have undergone various in terms of volume surgical interventions, need to improve the quality of their life, which is achieved by relieving the patient from pain, creating the ability to eat, improving metabolic processes, preventing rapid weight loss due to periodic intravenous infusions of colloidal and crystalloid solutions (including fresh frozen plasma), preserving mental status. Improving the quality of life in a large contingent of doomed patients who have undergone various palliative surgical interventions should be considered the most important task of practical health care.

References

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About authors

Volkov Vladimir
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of Surgical Diseases Department, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (volkovserguei@mail.ru)
Volkov Sergey
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of Surgical Diseases Department, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (volkovserguei@mail.ru)

Article link

Volkov V., Volkov S. Revisiting Indications and Choice of Palliative Surgery Technique in Patients with Gastric Cancer [Electronic resource] // Acta medica Eurasica. – 2019. – №3. P. 7-14. – URL: http://acta-medica-eurasica.ru/en/single/2019/3/2/.