Single article

Sapozhnikov S., Kozlov V., Golenkov A., Ilyin M.

Chronopatterns in ambulance calls in response to the use of psychoactive substances

Keywords: alcohol, chronological rhythm, emergency psychiatric care, alcohol dependence, gender differences, risk of suicide

The study examined chronological regularities in calling emergency psychiatric care teams during one year by people experiencing negative consequences after ethyl alcohol consumption. It was found that the average age of patients according to F10-F19 class was 38,3±29,1 years, men made 81,4%. Men made calls of emergency psychiatric care teams, which were statistically significant in the number, in the interval from 18.00 to 23.59 (36,7%) and in January (12,3%), and women – on Saturdays and Sundays (40,6%), that is, women preserved the chronological rhythm of the working week, unlike men. The study obtained significant correlations between time series in calling the ambulance during 24 hours by men with chronological characteristics of suicides committed in the condition of alcoholic intoxication by residents of Cheboksary. Chronological peculiarities in calling emergency psychiatric care teams that we revealed significantly differ from the results obtained in other studies. There are grounds to believe that these inconsistencies are associated with human biorhythms being influenced by a complex of natural, environmental, ethnic, economic and urban factors of different intensity which was not taken into account by us and other researchers.

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About authors

Sapozhnikov Sergey P.
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department Medical Biology with a Course in Microbiology and Virology, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (adaptogon@mail.ru)
Kozlov Vadim A.
Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor of Department Medical Biology with a Course in Microbiology and Virology, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (pooh12@yandex.ru)
Golenkov Andrey V.
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Psychiatry, Medical Psychology and Neurology, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (golenkovav@inbox.ru)
Ilyin Mikhail Vladimirovich
normal and topographic anatomy with operative surgery department senior lecturer, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (ilyin-mv@mail.ru)

Article link

Sapozhnikov S., Kozlov V., Golenkov A., Ilyin M. Chronopatterns in ambulance calls in response to the use of psychoactive substances [Electronic resource] // Acta medica Eurasica. – 2019. – №1. P. 25-32. – URL: http://acta-medica-eurasica.ru/en/single/2019/1/4/