Single article

Anokhina A., Loseva T., Golenkov A.

The role of personality psychological characteristics and family education particularity in the adaptation of the child to orthodontic treatment

Keywords: children, orthodontic treatment, adaptation, psychological characteristics, type of family education

The aim of this study was to investigate adaptation characteristic properties of a child to orthodontic treatment depending on the influence of personality psychological characteristics and his family education type. The study included 35 children aged 6-18 years (mean age was 11,5±2,27). Dentofacial anomalies were diagnosed using conventional diagnostic methods in orthodontics. Psychodiagnostic methods suggested by A. Lichko, N. Ivanov and by E. Aidemiller, V. Justickis were used as well. Statistical processing of data obtained was carried out using correlation analysis and chi-square method. It is revealed that a «balanced type» of family education and «overprotection» have a positive effect on the level of a child’s adaptation to orthodontic treatment (р = 0,025). An «unstable» family education type and the type of «indulge hyperprotection» have a negative influence on the level of a child’s adaptation to orthodontic treatment (р = 0,025). Adolescences of epileptoid personality type demonstrate largely a high adaptation level to orthodontic treatment, and adolescences of hysteroid personality type have a low adaptation level to orthodontic treatment (р < 0,001). It is concluded that adaptation level and the result of orthodontic treatment could be prognosed on the basis of patients’ primary clinical-psychological testing during a visit to an orthodontist. The results of the study could be the basis for development of an individual scheme for psychological preparation of a child for orthodontic treatment.

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About authors

Anokhina Antonina Vasilievna
doctor of medical sciences, professor, pediatric, therapeutic dentistry and orthodontics department head, Kazan State Medical Academy, Russia, Kazan (a_anokhina@mail.ru)
Loseva Tatiana Vasilievna
pediatric, therapeutic dentistry and orthodontics department graduate student, Kazan State Medical Academy, Russia, Kazan (tanya_step@mail.ru)
Golenkov Andrey V.
Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of Department of Psychiatry, Medical Psychology and Neurology, Chuvash State University, Russia, Cheboksary (golenkovav@inbox.ru)

Article link

Anokhina A., Loseva T., Golenkov A. The role of personality psychological characteristics and family education particularity in the adaptation of the child to orthodontic treatment [Electronic resource] // Acta medica Eurasica. – 2017. – №1. P. 1-9. – URL: http://acta-medica-eurasica.ru/en/single/2017/1/1/.